TOEFL iBT托福考試-寫作測驗介紹


TOEFL寫作考題: 整合型考題、獨立型考題

寫作總共有兩題,題型分為兩種,一種是整合型考題,另一種是獨立型考題。「整合型考題」是整合閱讀、聽力、和寫作能力,寫作時間是20分鐘,做完整合型考題,就可以拿下耳機,做最後一個獨立型考題寫作。「獨立型考題」寫作,不需要閱讀文章或聽一段文字,而是看到被分配到的議題,就可以開始寫作,作答時間是30分鐘。不用擔心寫作要完全零錯誤,根據ETS的評分標準,他們會把你的作文當作初稿草稿,所以即使有一點錯誤,也能夠得高分。


篇幅長度

寫作共有2題:

  • 第1題:
  • 整合型考題 — 閱讀 ➤ 聽力 ➤ 寫作:150~225字

  • 第2題:
  • 獨立型考題 — 看到題目 ➤ 寫作:至少300字

作答時間

  • 第1題:
  • 整合型考題 — 閱讀3分鐘 ➤ 聽演講:約2分鐘 ➤ 寫作:20分鐘

  • 第2題:
  • 獨立型考題 — 30分鐘寫作時間

寫作考題內容

(以下包含ETS官網範例題目https://www.ets.org/Media/Tests/TOEFL/pdf/SampleQuestions.pdf)

第1題:根據閱讀聽力來寫作

第2題:根據個人知識經驗來寫作


  • 第1題 (根據閱讀和聽力) :
  • 先讀一篇文章 ➤ 之後聽一段教授演講 ➤ 解釋演講內容如何反駁閱讀裡的某些論點。

    Directions: For this task, you will read a passage about an academic topic and you will listen to a lecture about the same topic. You may take notes while you read and listen.
    Then you will write a response to the relationship between the lecture you heard and the reading passage. Try to answer the question as completely as possible using information from the reading passage and the lecture. The question does not ask you to express your personal opinion (注意: 不需要表達自己的觀點). You may refer to the reading passage again when you write. You may use your notes to help you answer the question.
    Typically, an effective response will be (字數)150 to 225 words. Your response will be judged on the quality of your writing and on the completeness and accuracy of the content.
    You should allow 3 minutes to read the passage. Then listen to the lecture. Then allow 20 minutes(20分鐘寫作時間)to plan and write your response. Write your response in the space provided.

    ✔ 先閱讀:


    托福寫作題目範例

    ✔ 先閱讀:

    聽一段教授的演講,約2分鐘

    ✔ 最後寫作:

    先前的閱讀文章會再出現,你可以邊看文章邊寫作。
    Question: Summarize the points made in the lecture, being sure to explain how they oppose specific points made in the reading passage. (請摘要演講內容,並請解釋演講的內容怎麼反駁閱讀文章裡的某些論點。)


  • 第2題 (根據個人知識和經驗) :
  • 獨立寫作,針對題目,提出理由支持自己論點。

    Directions: For this task, you will write an essay in response to a question that asks you to state, explain, and support your opinion on an issue. Typically, an effective essay will contain a minimum of 300 words (字數). Your essay will be judged on the quality of your writing. This includes the development of your ideas, the organization of your essay, and the quality and accuracy of the language you use to express your ideas (評分根據: 思路的發展、文章組織、語言使用). You have 30 minutes(時間) to plan, write, and revise your essay.

    Question:
    Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?

    A teacher’s ability to relate well with students is more important than excellent knowledge of the subject being taught.
    (一個老師能夠和學生建立良好的關係/聯繫比擁有很優秀的教學知識還重要。)

    Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.
    (用具體的理由或例子來支持你的論點。)




延伸閱讀:掌握三招,TOEFL托福寫作分數自然高!
延伸閱讀:托福獨立寫作滿分方法:一定要 “選邊站”

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