【新多益聽力】簡短獨白平時訓練與準備方法

新多益簡短獨白中,題目數量跟舊多益是一樣的,都是10組,每組搭配3個題目,總共30題。不過在題目形態方面,新制比舊制多了兩種不同的題型,以下與同學們分享多了哪些新題目與如何解題,還有最重要的平時該如何有效訓練與準備。


多益圖表題與釋義題的題型變化

釋義題

多益Part 4的釋義題跟Part 3非常相似,就是從整段獨白中節錄出1-2句話來,然後請同學判斷出說話者講這句話的真正意義為何。

Example

Q: What does the speaker imply when he says, "she's the head of the department"?
(說話者說:「她是這個部門的主管」,其真正意思為何?)
(A) He wants to introduce a staff member. (他想要介紹一位同仁。)
(B) He cannot make the final decision. (他無法下最終的決定。)
(C) A job title is incorrect. (工作職稱有誤。)
(D) A colleague is very successful. (有一位同仁非常成功。)

題目解析

如果沒有看上下文,其實四個選項都有可能是正確答案,(A)選項是在工作場合中常見的情況,要介紹同事給客戶或廠商認識,就可能說出她是部門主管,以後彼此可以聯繫;而(B)選項則代表男生自己可能因為職級不夠,必須要給身為部門主管的女士來做最後決定;(C)選項則有可能是公司在跟印名片或活動海報等等之類的廠商對話,說明印製的資料有誤,女生的職稱應該是主管才對;而(D)選項則可能出現在宴會或派對這樣的場合,向別人介紹她身為部門主管的成就之類的。


題目原文

Hi, Aaron. I just got out of my meeting with Janet Lin from Product Development. She liked our design for the company's new line of raincoats, but unfortunately, she wants us to use different colors than what we proposed. I tried my best to convince her that a fresh, new look was needed, but she insisted on a more traditional approach. There wasn't much more I could do. You know...she's the head of the department. Anyway, I'm back at my desk now, so I'm going to find a time on our calendars tomorrow when we can get together and start on these changes.

說話者表示他沒有辦法多做什麼了,因為對方的「她」是部門主管,這就代表他無法做最後的決定,所以答案是(B)。
明白了嗎?釋義題一定要將該句子前後的內容一併聽懂,才可以選出正解喔!

圖表題

舊多益中,所有的簡短獨白題都是一組搭配三個題目,每題四個選項。但在新多益的簡短獨白題中,新增了2到3組的「圖表題」,我們就以下圖舉例。

Example

1. What type of product does the business sell?
(A) Clothing (B) Footwear (C) Appliances (D) Software

2. Look at the graphic. In what season did the business relocate?
(A) Spring (B) Summer (C) Fall (D) Winter

3. What did the business do after it relocated?
(A) It expanded its inventory. (B) It hired additional staff. (C) It placed some advertisements. (D) It organized an inauguration event.

題目解析

跟Part 3一樣,Part 4的圖表題當中,除了傳統的四選一題目之外,還會加上一組圖表,但不是題組的每一題都需要看圖表,只有在題目說“Look at the graphic”的時候,這個題目才會需要看上面的圖表,通常三題當中只有一題會需要,以本題組範例而言,只有第二題需要搭配上方的圖表作答。


題目原文

I have one final issue to discuss at today's staff meeting. I just handed out a graph summarizing our shoe store's annual sales data. And, well... I think this information is particularly interesting since we relocated to a different neighborhood this year. As you might have expected, the relocation decreased our sales significantly at first. During the quarter we moved, we experienced the lowest shoe sales of the entire year. That was largely because people in the new neighborhood didn't know about us. However, thanks to the newspaper advertisements and radio commercials we put out, business picked up quickly, and we ended the year by making a record number of sales.

發現了嗎?獨白中就是講到「公司搬遷時,我們經歷了整年度銷售額最低的時期」,所以你就要從圖表中找出表現最差的座標,再對應到選項中的季節去作答,所以答案會是(C)喔!

多益高分技巧:去掉投機心態,要通盤理解、再換句話說

老師在上課的時候常常遇到同學們提問:老師~為什麼多益要改版,然後越改越難呢?這其實是因為舊多益的題目很容易讓你一聽就知道答案,例如: This is Harold Rosen, with WKRN News, reporting from the newly opened Opera House.
Q:Where is the speaker reporting from?
(A) An newly opened Opera House. (B) A movie theater. (C) A shopping mall. (D) A convention center.


舊多益的題目比較類似上面這題,說話內容跟選項的字幾乎完全一模一樣!那再來比較一下新多益出現的題目,例如:
Hello, Mr. Adams. This is Tom Mckegney at Ridgeway Cooling and Refrigeration. I'm returning the message you left earlier regarding your air-conditioning system. Based on your description, you may be able to fix the problem without a technician by resetting the unit manually.
Q: What is the main topic of the message?
(A) An upcoming system inspection
(B) A revision to a manual
(C) A technician have a problem with a message
(D) An equipment malfunction

這題的正確答案為(D),an equipment malfunction指的是設備(air-conditioning system)故障,但是malfunction並沒有直接出現在內容裡,你必須從...to fix the problem without a technician...這個訊息中聽懂這個設備需要修復,換言之,也就是說它有所故障,答案選項跟獨白內容沒有任何一模一樣之處。如果想憑舊制的招數、聽到有出現的字眼就選答的話,那(A)選項的system、(B)選項的manual、(C)選項的technician, problem, message…等等,都是獨白中有出現但不是重點的單字。


新多益考驗同學們實際理解跟換句話說的能力,要能拿下「釋義題」的分數,就必須在同義字、說法轉換等方面多下功夫,才能選出正確答案。舊制考題很容易讓你判別出答案,而這就可能會有履歷的多益成績是750分、但是到公司後表現出來的實力卻只有350分這樣的局面,新制考試能更準確的評測出考生的實力,考了750分,實力就是750分,這不是靠投機得來的分數。從這個觀點出發,多益改版其實對同學們是有益處的。

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